The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization Location, in the heart of the historic city of Fustat in the Old Cairo district of Cairo, and meters away from the Religions Complex, where it overlooks Lake Ain al-Sira, is located one of the largest and largest archeology museums in the world, with an area of more than 140,000 square meters. It accommodates nearly 50 thousand artifacts that tell the stages of the development of Egyptian civilization, from the earliest times until the modern era.
National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC), whose establishment goes back to UNESCO, when it announced an international campaign for its establishment in 1982. It is the first museum to be dedicated to the entirety of Egyptian civilization. the permanent Central exhibition hall, which displays the most important achievements of Egyptian civilization, in addition to six other exhibitions dealing with topics: civilization, the Nile, writing, state and society, culture, beliefs and ideas, in addition to the royal mummies hall.
National Museum of Egyptian Civilization, whose cornerstone was laid in 2002, is distinguished by its luxury and spaciousness. The visitor feels that luxury as soon as he steps in that long entrance surrounded by huge columns, which he crosses to reach the exhibition hall, which displays many Egyptian industries throughout the ages. Such as pottery, textiles, fashion, and gold and silver ornaments. These industries show the extent of the development of pottery and glass industries in ancient, medieval and modern Egypt. Therefore, inside the lobby there are many models of the Egyptian maker, in various professions that he worked in, next to him are some wooden tools and chairs that he was sitting on, in addition to To a lot of ceramic pots, murals and doors, which confirm the ingenuity of the Egyptian manufacturer.
Facilities Inside The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization:
The Central exhibition hall, which tells a summary of the Egyptian civilization from prehistoric to the modern era, is located on an area of 2500 square meters, and presents a presentation of the Egyptian civilization through antiques and models, “multimedia” displays and graphic panels, also a hall The Capital Museum, which is mainly based on “multimedia”, and presents an archaeological presentation of the Egyptian capital through different eras, as it displays images and models of ancient Egyptian capitals, starting from Tennis and Memphis, Heliopolis, Thebes, Lattagawi, Khasut, Uaris, Akhitaton, Ber-Ramestanis, Bubastis and Sais, passing through Alexandria and Fest. Al-Askar, Al-Qata’i, and finally Cairo, through “multimedia” devices, and a number of documentaries. The floor of the hall displays a maquette that illustrates the idea of the capital and its relationship to the geography of Egypt.
Inside the hall there is also one of the rarest Egyptian antiquities at all, which is “Nejim Ankh coffin” returning from “the United States of America, after Egypt recovered it from among the recovered antiquities, and it dates back to the first century BC, when Egypt was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty, He was a high priest of the god “Hershef” in the city of Herakleopolis, located in the center of Ahnasia, in the present-day Beni Suef Governorate.
The royal mummies hall Cairo, is approximately the size of the central hall, but in corridors that make the visitor simulate the experience of being in the belly of the earth and contacting the world of death.
On the walls and floor of the hall with an open ceiling are rare images of mummies in their coffins, and colorful inscriptions from the walls of temples.
The lighting, floors, and walls made of black granite contribute to strengthening its mission of isolating distractions and focusing on the details of the royal mummies and their companions from coffins and royal artifacts, while arrows on the floors guide the way through the corridors from the beginning of the journey to the mummy of King Seqenenre Taa II.
All the mummies participate in the display through glass coffins that reveal the details of the mummy from all sides, and inside each coffin there is a screen that shows the temperature of the coffin and the percentage of humidity. Including the most prominent points about his achievements and the era to which he belongs.
The mummy of Seqenenre Taa II leads the visitors’ journey and is shown in its distinctive linen scrolls, while the king’s ark and screens displaying some of his x-rays are displayed in both locations.
From the relatively narrow entrance, the visitor moves, after a few steps, to a wider courtyard, which includes the mummies of Queen Ahmose Nefertari, King Amenhotep I and King Ahmose. From this spacious hall, the visitor moves to a more narrow corridor that includes the mummy of Thutmose II, and from there to another corridor embodying the suite of Queen Hatshepsut.
From the wing of Hatshepsut, the arrows lead to the wing of Thutmose III, and from it to the wing of the mummy of Amenhotep II, and next to him a group of collectibles and statues of him, and from him to the wing of Thutmose IV, and his possessions as well.
In a semi-independent wing also, but connected to the path, the wing of Thutmose IV leads to the wing of Queen Tiye’s mummy, which contains her mummy and sarcophagus, and from there to the kings: Seti I, Ramses II, and Merenptah Baenre.
The mummies of Kings Seti II and Siptah Akhenre are adjacent in one hall, and from there to Ramses III and his coffin, as well as screens that display images and CT scans that allow a look inside the mummy, the sites of injuries, and even some of the amulets that were left inside his chest cage.
In the last hall, the kings Ramses IV, Ramses V, Ramses VI, and Ramses IX, from where the journey ends inside National museum of Egyptian civilization mummies leads to another staircase, and also an elevator, both of which lead to the Central exhibition hall.
01. Thutmose I
02. Thutmose II
04. Thutmose III
05. Amenhotep II
06. Thutmose IV
07. Queen Tiye’s
08. Amenhotep III
09. Seti I
10. Ramses II
11. Merenptah Baenre
12. Seti II
13. Siptah Akhenre
14. Ramses III
15. Ramses IV
16. Ramses V
17. Ramses VI
18. Ramses IX
19. Seqenenre Taa II
20. Ahmose Nefertari
21. Amenhotep I
National museum of Egyptian civilization in Fustat Cairo, Ein as Seirah, Old Cairo, Cairo.
The Museum of Egyptian Civilization is one of the most important axes for the development of the archaeological “Fustat” area, which is the first capital of Islamic Egypt, so the “Ain al-Sira” lake was developed, which has an area of more than 2 million square meters, and from inside the museum many buildings can be seen. The nearby archaeological site, and on top of these buildings is the Citadel of Salah El Din and Mohamed Ali Alabaster Mosque.
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