Egypt is famous for being one of the most important tourist destinations for lovers of history and archeology, as it includes many places and artifacts dating back to the Pharaonic civilization and the eras that followed, and among these pieces are what is displayed in Famous museums in Egypt spread throughout its cities and tourist areas such as Cairo and Luxor.
In this report, we will present a large group of Egyptian Museums and Historical Museums in Egypt that include many masterpieces of the ancient Egyptian civilization and other civilizations of different ages.
There are many types of Egyptian Museums in Egypt, the most important of which are the Pharaonic Egypt museums that display the life of the pharaohs, their kings, and their treasures, and the types of museums in Egypt are:
The roots of Egypt are deep in history, where you find the ancient Egyptian civilization that astonished the world, and in order to ensure that its visitors are aware of its glorious history, it established wonderful and best museums in Cairo Egypt, which is one of the most important tourist places in Cairo.
01. Egyptian Museum:
The Egyptian Museum is the most famous of Egypt’s museums and the oldest archaeological museum in the Middle East. It houses the largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities, as well as a wide collection that extends from the pre-dynastic period to the Greco-Roman era. The museum was opened in 1902 by Khedive Abbas Helmy II in downtown Cairo. The most prominent archaeological collection in the museum includes the complete burials of Yuya and Tuya, the treasures of Tanis, the Narmer Panel that commemorates the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the rule of one king, and the magnificent statues of the great kings such as Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.
02. The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization:
The museum is located in the city of Fustat, Cairo, on an area of 33.5 acres. The museum accommodates fifty thousand artifacts that tell the stages of the development of the Egyptian civilization in addition to a display of the achievements of the Egyptian man in various fields of life since the dawn of history until the present time. And modern times. The site of the museum overlooks a natural lake, Ain Al-Sira Lake.
03. Cairo Coptic Museum:
The Coptic Museum includes more than 16,000 artifacts distributed in 12 halls arranged according to the era. The museum was opened in ancient Egypt within the walls of the Babylon fortress. The museum contains many sections such as the textiles and fabrics section dating back hundreds of years, the ivory and icons section, the wood and metal section, and the glass section, all of which show some Christian symbols dating back to the sixth century AD.
04. Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo:
The Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo contains one of the largest and most comprehensive collections of Islamic artifacts in the world. This collection covers some important topics such as astronomy, medicine and engineering. The most prominent Islamic archaeological collection includes the Mamluk key of the Kaaba in Mecca, textiles bearing the oldest Kufic inscription, works Delicately carved wood, delicately decorated ceramics, and rare manuscripts.
05. Gayer Anderson Museum:
The Gayer Anderson Museum is two houses owned by a British army doctor, Jair Anderson, as he submitted a request to the Society for the Preservation of Arab Antiquities to collect a group of Pharaonic, Islamic and Asian antiquities in two houses dating back to the Ottoman period.
06. Abdeen Palace Museum:
Abdeen palace cairo, the most famous Egyptian palace and witnessed many events since the royal era until the emergence of modern Cairo.
Abdeen palace Egypt, is a rare historical masterpiece in the form that turned it into a museum that reflects the grandeur in which the palace was built and the important events it witnessed since the royal era until the July Revolution of 1952. Many museums are keen to visit it, as it is one of the most important and famous palaces built during the rule of the Muhammad Ali family Pasha of Egypt, where he was the seat of government from 1872 until 1952.
The palace contains halls and salons characterized by the color of its walls. The white, red and green salon are used to receive official delegations during their visit to Egypt, in addition to the palace library, which contains approximately 55 thousand books. The palace also contains a theater that includes hundreds of gilded chairs, and there are isolated places with curtains for women, and it is now used to show special theatrical performances for visitors and guests.
07. Royal Chariots Museum:
One of the oldest museums of its kind in the world is the Royal Chariot Museum in Bulaq, Cairo, and was built specifically to preserve the cultural heritage of the royal chariots and all related artifacts dating back to the era of the Muhammad Ali dynasty. The museum includes a unique collection, most notably different sizes and types of royal chariots, and one of the most distinguished things in the museum is the Grand Alley Carriage, which is characterized by the finest workmanship and elaborate decoration. It was a gift from Emperor Napoleon III and his wife Empress Eugenie to Khedive Ismail on the occasion of the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 The museum also contains horse riding equipment, uniforms for transport service personnel, as well as oil paintings dating back to the Khedive era.
08. Rokn Farouk Museum:
The winter rest for King Farouk and the rest is located at the end of the Nile Corniche at the entrance to Helwan (south of Cairo). It was included in the list of historical monuments and museums.
The rest for King Farouk was converted into a Rokn Farouk Museum, which includes a part of the royal holdings of furniture, statues, antiques, paintings and archaeological models, as well as a large garden that includes different types of rare plants, overlooking the Nile Corniche directly.
09. Museum of Modern Egyptian Art:
The Museum of Egyptian Modern Art is one of the most important and prominent Egyptian museums, which includes treasures of pioneers of plastic art in Egypt over the generations. The museum is located within the campus of the Egyptian Opera House in the land of the island – Zamalek – Cairo. The museum is different from all other Egyptian museums. Usually the museum is linked to a specific culture. For example, we find that the Museum of Islamic Art – Bab Al Khalq – Cairo displays Islamic culture in all its stages (Ottoman – Mamluk – Abbasid – ….. etc.) as well as the Egyptian Museum – Tahrir Square – Cairo – concerned with displaying the era Pharaonic As for the Museum of Modern Egyptian Art, it is different, as it combines an unlimited number of intellectual trends. You will find in it a panel representing the realistic, abstract, surreal, cubist and Dada school, and this is evident from the diversity of the works of the exhibiting artists.
10. Cairo International Airport Museum:
The Cairo International Airport Museum was opened in 2016 in cooperation between the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities and the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The museum currently displays a collection of the most prominent things through which the visitor can experience the incomparable history of Egypt during its different periods, starting from the Pharaonic period, passing through the Greco-Roman era, as well as Coptic and Islamic art until the modern era.
Egypt has always been the land of civilizations and religions, so I started building new museums to accommodate the huge amount of its ancient archaeology. Know more about new museums in Cairo.
01. Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo:
The new Egyptian Museum is an architectural masterpiece that is being built to attract more than five million tourists annually, due to the international standards that contributed to the establishment of the museum, in addition to the ancient Pharaonic artifacts that the world will see for the first time.
In addition, the design of the Grand Egyptian Museum is characterized by its formation in the form of compact triangles, a symbol of the three pyramids; this included both the facade of the museum clad in “grey alabaster stone” and all the entrances that receive visitors.
It is expected that the grand Egyptian museum in Giza will witness a huge opening, similar to what we witnessed in the “Procession of the Royal Mummies.”
About the date of the opening of the Grand Egyptian Museum, as the Egyptian state decided that the opening would be in the second half of 2022. Although the opening date of the Grand Egyptian Museum is approaching, it is still under closure until all construction works are completed, and the rest of the archaeological exhibits are transferred
02. Egyptian Capitals Museum:
The museum is one of its kind in Egypt, as it focuses mainly on the Egyptian capitals, as it reviews the story of the Egyptian capitals and their development throughout the history of Egypt from the oldest city with its capital, “Memphis” to the newest capital of Egypt. The museum contains two main galleries; One is dedicated to Egyptian capitals, and the other explains ancient Egyptian beliefs and the afterlife. The museum deals with the history of the most prominent 6 Egyptian cities, such as: Memphis, Thebes, Tell el-Amarna, Alexandria, Islamic Cairo, and Khedive Cairo.
Best museums in Alexandria Egypt give the very essence of its citizens and rich culture. If you are looking for something deeper and more meaningful, head to the museums in Alexandria. Explore the cultural, artistic, scientific, or historical side of Alexandria with these museums.
01. Greco-Roman Museum:
The Greco-Roman Museum is one of the most famous museums in Alexandria, and it displays a large group of antiquities dating back to the Ptolemies, the Romans and the Coptic era. These antiquities include a marble slab of Saint Apomenia, and a group of pottery depicting Egyptian art in the form of domestic birds and luxurious marble crowns in the form of baskets. And gold ornaments and various statues, especially a statue of a Roman emperor in military uniform. The museum consists of 22 separate halls, each of which contains a different type of antiquities and art pieces. In each hall there is a guide to explain the history of the artifacts you see.
02. The lost city of Heracleion discovered:
The sunken city of Alexandria, Heracleion Thonis, is one of Alexandria’s distinctive tourist attractions. The city of Alexandria is not only rich in its monuments extending over the city’s land, but its wonderful effects also extend to the depths of the sea.
The Museum of Sunken Antiquities is located in the depths of the shore of the Abu Qir area. It is believed that the city sank between the seventh and eighth centuries AD and was found during the nineties of the twentieth century, where divers and researchers were able to find many sunken antiquities, including sculptures, ships, gold jewelry, and others, and Alexandria Egypt underwater museum is considered one of the most important historical museums of Alexandria.
03. Alexandria National Museum Egypt:
The Alexandria National Museum is one of the most important museums in Alexandria, Egypt. The museum contains more than 1,800 artifacts representing most of the eras that passed through the city, which was founded in the year 332 BC.
It is located on Freedom Road, and the museum building is a former palace of one of the city’s wealthy timber traders, Asaad Basile, who built it in the Italian architecture style, and is considered one of the most famous tourist places in Alexandria.
The palace was sold in 1954 to the US Embassy for 53 thousand Egyptian pounds and bought by the Supreme Council of Egyptian Antiquities for 12 million pounds, which in turn turned it into a national museum for the city of Alexandria and was opened by the Egyptian president on September 1, 2003.
There are a few museums in Luxor that you need to see before moving on. Two of the most important places are:
01. Mummification Museum:
The Mummification Museum in Luxor is one of the most prominent museums in Pharaonic Egypt. It comprehensively reviews the entire mummification process by displaying many tools, objects and equipment used in the process, in addition to an explanation of the ritual and religious significance of this practice. It also reviews some Pharaonic antiquities such as elaborately decorated coffins, and the remains Mummified, amulets and statues of deities.
02. Luxor Museum:
The Luxor Museum is located near the Karnak Temple and overlooks the Nile River. It displays many artifacts from different eras from BC to the Islamic era, including the statue of Thutmose III made of rare rocks. Tourists can see the royal mummies, the statues of Ramses I and Ahmose I, and a unique collection of Coptic antiquities.
03. Nubian Museum:
The Nubian Museum is located in the southern city of Aswan, and houses a collection that extends back to prehistoric and Islamic times, including artifacts preserved from the high waters of Lake Nasser, and valuable pieces from the ancient city of Meroe.
The Nubian Museum Aswan opened on November 23, 1997, and its building was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2001.
The museum has been dedicated to Nubian culture and civilization, and is considered one of the most important cultural museums in the city of Aswan, and a distinctive destination among Egypt’s tourist attractions.
The Nubian Museum Aswan contains 3000 pieces of Egyptian antiquities representing different eras, and among the exhibits are 90 large and rare pieces.
01. Hurghada Museum:
The Hurghada Museum is the first archaeological museum in the Red Sea region and the first museum of its kind in that it is the result of a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the Red Sea Governorate and the private sector. The museum contains 2,000 artifacts that tell the story of Egypt, from ancient Egyptian, Greco-Roman and Jewish times to Christian, Islamic and modern times.
02. Hurghada grand aquarium sand city Hurghada:
The Sand City Hurghada Museum is located south of Hurghada in the Red Sea Governorate and is considered one of Egypt’s famous landmarks.
Although the idea of the museum is not new, the Hurghada Museum is the first of its kind in North Africa and the Middle East.
The Sand Museum in Hurghada is the first in the world in which the statues were carved with two types of sand, yellow and white.
The museum includes 42 replicas made by 42 international sculptors, and the Sand Museum is one of the most famous tourist places in Hurghada.
Tourism in Egypt cannot be done without going to one of Egypt’s ancient museums, since Egypt is one of the most important tourism destinations for history and archeology lovers, as it includes many artifacts dating back to the Pharaonic civilization and the eras that followed. We were introduced to the collection of Egypt’s museums, which includes many masterpieces of the ancient Egyptian civilization and other civilizations of different eras.